Our research focuses on understanding how animals cope with and adapt to changes in their environment over ecological and evolutionary timescales. We are particularly interested in their energetics, i.e. how they acquire and use energy. This is because, along with time, energy is one of the most fundamental currencies in life. Energy is needed to maintain homeostasis but also to find food and avoid predators in order to survive, grow, and reproduce. How energy is apportioned to different competing functions, in turn, has profound impacts on the behavior, ecology and evolution of organisms. As such, our research takes an integrative approach that considers the organism as a whole and how its underlying energy metabolism interacts with behavioral and life history traits to determine its ecological interactions and evolutionary trajectory across environmental gradients. We employ question-driven observational, experimental, and comparative studies in both the field and laboratory and draw on an array of techniques from physiology, genetics, ecology, and evolution. Please visit our RESEARCH page for details!